Book Title : The Origin of Values

the origin of values

Release Date : 2017-07-12
ISBN Code : 9781351477963
Book Author : Raymond Boudon
Book Publisher : Routledge
Total Pages : 237

Book Summary :

Values have always been a central topic in both philosophy and the social sciences. Statements about what is good or bad, fair or unfair, legitimate or illegitimate, express clear beliefs about human existence. The fact that values differ from culture to culture and century to century opens many questions. In The Origin of Values, Raymond Boudon offers empirical, data-based analysis of existing theories about values, while developing his own perspective as to why people accept or reject value statements. Boudon classifies the main theories of value, including those based on firm belief, social or biological factors, and rational or utilitarian attitudes. He discusses the popular and widely influential Rational Choice Model and critiques the postmodernist approach. Boudon investigates why relativism has become so powerful and contrasts it with the naturalism represented by the work of James Q. Wilson on moral sensibility. He follows with a constructive attempt to develop a new theory, beginning with Weber's idea of non-instrumental rationality as the basis for a more complex idea of rationality. Applying Boudon's own and existing theories of value to political issues and social ideas—the end of apartheid, the death penalty, multiculturalism, communitarianism—The Origin of Values is a significant work. Boudon fulfills a major task of social science: explanation of collective belief. His book will be of interest to sociologists, philosophers, psychologists, and political scientists.

Book Title : The Origin of Values

the origin of values

Release Date : 1993-01-01
ISBN Code : 0202304469
Book Author : Michael Hechter
Book Publisher : AldineTransaction
Total Pages : 342

Book Summary :

Although values play a leading role in nearly every explanatory theory in the broad realm of the social and behavioral sciences, very little multidisciplinary research material on values is available. Addressing this need, the editors bring together distinguished social scientists, psychologists, and biologists who collaboratively explore fundamental questions about values: What are the determinants of social values, taboos, and ideologies? What are the determinants of individual values? What is the nature of motivations and rewards? Is there an evolutionary basis for the development of values?

Book Title : The Origin and Evolution of Human Values

the origin and evolution of human values

Release Date : 1997
ISBN Code : 1900796155
Book Author : Clifford Sharp
Book Publisher :
Total Pages : 186

Book Summary :

This title seeks to illuminate the reader by offering analysis of the basis and development of moral values in contemporary society. It is aimed at readers interested in social conventions and morality in a modern world.

Book Title : Values of Our Times

values of our times

Release Date : 2013-06-01
ISBN Code : 9783642382598
Book Author : Deshun Li
Book Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages : 274

Book Summary :

Philosophers have gradually accepted axiology as one branch of philosophy. As a basic category belonging to axiology and philosophy, "value" is the general abstraction of concrete value formation in various fields including utility, ethics and appreciation of the beauty. The problem of value is essentially a problem of historical activities of practice in human society. The axiology based on the scientific practice view insists on the principle of unification between theory and practice, truth and value. In research of axiology, the relation between subjectivity and objectivity of values is a problem that must be solved in the first place. The modern conversation of value philosophy is the academic and practical demands of the value philosophy research in China. Value evaluation is an important part of the axiology. In order to deepen the research of value philosophy and to promote the development of current value philosophy, we must have scientific mode of thinking suitable for the nature of value. It is the base of value relation, the origin of value needs, the process of value creation and actualization and the fundamental way to proving ones value as a human being.​

Book Title : The Intrinsic Value of Nature

the intrinsic value of nature

Release Date : 1997-01-01
ISBN Code : 9042003251
Book Author : Leena Vilkka
Book Publisher : Rodopi
Total Pages : 168

Book Summary :

What is intrinsic value? What is the origin of value? Are people always superior to nature? This book is a philosophical analysis of the human relationship to the non-human world. It is a pioneering study of the philosophy of nature-conservation in relation to the discussion of intrinsic value. Vilkka develops a naturalistic or naturocentric theory of value that is based on ethical extensionism and pluralism. Vilkka analyzes natural values and environmental attitudes: zoocentrism, biocentrism, and ecocentrism. This book forms a taxonomy for nature having intrinsic value. The theory of intrinsic value is based on naturocentric and naturogenic values. The book questions the thesis of weak anthropocentrism that denies the existence of naturogenic values. In Vilkka's theory, animals and nature are the origin of value. She defends the existence of zoogenic and biogenic values in the non-human world and discusses the possibility of ecogenic value, nature as a whole having value independent of human or animal minds. Vilkka analyzes the goodness and rights of nature, the problem of priorities, and ecological humanism. A naturocentric recommendation is that the well-being of animals and nature should have priority over human values at least in some real decision contexts. Ecological humanism recommends an attitude of respect for people, animals, and nature. The book includes an extensive glossary, index, and bibliography.

Book Title : Meta values

meta values

Release Date : 2004
ISBN Code : 9781587363146
Book Author : C. Franklin Truan
Book Publisher : Wheatmark, Inc.
Total Pages : 179

Book Summary :

Meta-Values is a philosophical introduction to the psychology of constructive beliefs and values. It explores the origin, structure and content of man's beliefs and resulting values and examines them for their effect on mental health and the experience of psychological quality. The book also introduces three fundamental "meta-values" as the basis of all beneficial human values.

Book Title : American Work Values

american work values

Release Date : 1997
ISBN Code : 0791432157
Book Author : Paul Bernstein
Book Publisher : SUNY Press
Total Pages : 368

Book Summary :

Examines broad shifts in American work values from their Calvinist origins to present controversies involving work, welfare, and affirmative action.

Book Title : Values and Economic Theory

values and economic theory

Release Date : 1991
ISBN Code : UOM:39015022023942
Book Author : S. A. Drakopoulos
Book Publisher : Avebury
Total Pages : 235

Book Summary :

The main aim of this study is to show that, contrary to popular belief, hedonism has played a central and continuous role in the development of economic theory. The work starts with a brief discussion of the nature and meaning of hedonism. This is supplemented with a short examination of the origins of hedonistic ideas. Sections deal with: the systematic appearance of hedonistic ideas in modern thought and its subsequent introduction to the field of economics with the work of Bentham, Mill, Senior and Cairnes; the attempts to downplay hedonism as found in the work of Wickstead, Pareto and Fisher; the modern attempts towards a neutral economic science without psychological or philosophical connotations; the works of Robbins, Hicks, Samuelson as well as the current developments in economic theory and especially in consumer theory; a discussion of alternative economic approaches which stem from non-hedonistic paradigms; Adam Smith, Marx, Keynes, Institutionalist and Post-Keynesian economists as examples of non-hedonistically oriented economists; the methodological issues arising from the connection of a value system (hedonism) with economic theory.

Book Title : The Max Weber Dictionary

the max weber dictionary

Release Date : 2005-01
ISBN Code : 0804750955
Book Author : Richard Swedberg
Book Publisher : Stanford University Press
Total Pages : 344

Book Summary :

Max Weber is one of the world’s most important social scientists, and one of the most notoriously difficult to understand. This dictionary will aid the reader in understanding Weber’s work. Every entry contains a basic definition, examples of and references to the word in Weber’s writing, and references to important secondary literature. More than an elementary dictionary, however, this work makes a contribution to the general culture and legacy of Weber’s work. The dictionary also contains extended entries for broader concepts and topics throughout Weber’s work, including law, politics, and religion. Every entry in the dictionary delves into Weber scholarship and acts as a point of departure in discussion and research. As such, this book will be an invaluable resource to general readers, students, and scholars alike.

Book Title : Victorian Values

victorian values

Release Date : 2004-05-06
ISBN Code : 184046559X
Book Author : Eileen Magnello
Book Publisher :
Total Pages : 192

Book Summary :

Statistics is one of the most powerful forms of rhetoric in use today. Consumed by public, government and media alike, statistics can shape opinion and influence policy, informing (and misinforming) us of the world in which we live.

Book Title : Radical Reflection and the Origin of the Human Sciences

radical reflection and the origin of the human sciences

Release Date : 1980
ISBN Code : 091119858X
Book Author : Calvin O. Schrag
Book Publisher : Purdue University Press
Total Pages : 134

Book Summary :

This is a book about the human sciences. However, it is not a treatise on scientific methodology nor is it a proposal for a unification of the human sciences through an integration of their findings within a general conceptual scheme.

Book Title : Foundations for a Scientific Analysis of Value

foundations for a scientific analysis of value

Release Date : 2012-12-06
ISBN Code : 9789400983977
Book Author : V. Kraft
Book Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages : 198

Book Summary :

In English-speaking countries Victor Kraft is known principally for his account of the Vienna Circle. ! That group of thinkers has exercised in recent decades a significant influence not only on the philosophy of the western world, but also, at least indirectly, on that of the East, where there is now taking place a slow but clearly irresistible erosion of dogmatic Marxism by ways of think ing derived from a modem scientific conception of the world. Kraft's work as historian of the Vienna Circle has led to his being classed, without further qua1ification, as a neo-positivist philosopher. It is, however, only partially correct to count him as such. To be sure, he belonged to the group named, he took part in its meetings, and he drew from it suggestions central to his own work; but he did not belong to the hard core of the Circle and was a con scious opponent of certain radical tendencies espoused, at least from time to time, by some of its members. Evidence of this is provided by the theory of value now presented in English translation, since no less a thinker than Rudolf Carnap had, originally at any rate, obeyed a very narrowly conceived criterion of sense and declared value judgements to be senseless.

Book Title : Are the Lips a Grave

are the lips a grave

Release Date : 2013-10-08
ISBN Code : 9780231535779
Book Author : Lynne Huffer
Book Publisher : Columbia University Press
Total Pages : 264

Book Summary :

Lynne Huffer's ambitious inquiry redresses the rift between feminist and queer theory, traversing the space of a new, post-moral sexual ethics that includes pleasure, desire, connection, and betrayal. She begins by balancing queer theorists' politics of sexual freedoms with a moralizing feminist politics that views sexuality as harm. Drawing on the best insights from both traditions, she builds an ethics centered on eros, following Michel Foucault's ethics as a practice of freedom and Luce Irigaray's lyrical articulation of an ethics of sexual difference. Through this theoretical lens, Huffer examines everyday experiences of ethical connection and failure connected to sex, including queer sexual practices, sodomy laws, interracial love, pornography, and work-life balance. Her approach complicates sexual identities while challenging the epistemological foundations of subjectivity. She rethinks ethics "beyond good and evil" without underestimating, as some queer theorists have done, the persistence of what Foucault calls the "catastrophe" of morality. Elaborating a thinking-feeling ethics of the other, Huffer encourages contemporary intellectuals to reshape sexual morality from within, defining an ethical space that is both poetically suggestive and politically relevant, both conceptually daring and grounded in common sexual experience.

Book Title : The Genesis of Values

the genesis of values

Release Date : 2000
ISBN Code : 0226400409
Book Author : Hans Joas
Book Publisher : University of Chicago Press
Total Pages : 250

Book Summary :

Public and intellectual debates have long struggled with the concept of values and the difficulties of defining them. With The Genesis of Values, renowned theorist Hans Joas explores the nature of these difficulties in relation to some of the leading figures of twentieth-century philosophy and social theory: Friedrich Nietzsche, William James, Max Scheler, John Dewey, Georg Simmel, Charles Taylor, and Jürgen Habermas. Joas traces how these thinkers came to terms with the idea of values, and then extends beyond them with his own comprehensive theory. Values, Joas suggests, arise in experiences in self-formation and self-transcendence. Only by appreciating the creative nature of human action can we understand how our values arise.